Ancient Wonders of the Aegean: The Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace

The little known Sanctuary of the Great Gods on Samothrace was one of the most important sites dedicated to the cult worship of mysterious "subterranean" gods.

The Sanctuary of the Great Gods was one of the most important Panhellenic religious sites in the ancient Greek world.

Located on the island of Samothrace in the northeast Aegean, it was celebrated for its Mystery Cult centered around the worship of a pre-Hellenic earth goddess, the “Great Mother,” who the ancient Greeks associated with Demeter, goddess of fertility. In Samothracian coinage, she is often depicted as a seated woman with a lion at her side.


Religious activity at the site can be traced back to the 7th century BC. Early rituals included the worship of numerous chthonic gods (“subterranean” gods or spirits of the underworld), whose identities remain obscure. Ancient sources refer to them collectively as the Kábiroi (“Cabeiri”), as it was considered taboo to speak their names out loud.

A monumental building program was undertaken in the 4th century BC, including the construction of the Epopteion, a type of temple with an ornate facade and a row of columns on the front (prostyle). It bears the inscription of Hieron, or “Holy Place,” and was the site of sacred rituals and ceremonies. A major annual festival took place in mid-July, drawing envoys and pilgrims to the island from across the Greek world.

The famous Winged Victory (Nike) of Samothrace, now in the Louvre, was discovered at the Sanctuary in 1863.

Read More

Editor's Pick

How the Ancient Greeks Set Us on the Path to Mars

Long before landers arrived on Mars, ancient astronomers plotted its...

Aegean Islands

Cyclades: Apollo Sanctuary on Despotiko May Soon Be Open to Visitors

Archaeologists continue to make new discoveries around the ancient sanctuary...

Greece Is Blog Posts

An Ode to Local Products

BY Yiouli Eptakili

No more avocado toast and croque-madames. From Thessaloniki to Crete...

read more >

How Can Greece Become a Gastro-Tourism Destination?

BY Yiouli Eptakili

It’s about more than just taking a trip...

read more >

Leaving Room in Greece for Everyone

BY Greece Is

Labor Day, this year September 5, marks the...

read more >