Ancient Wonders of the Aegean: The Siphnian Treasury at Delphi

The relief decoration that encircled the Siphnian Treasury is the earliest known example of a continuous narrative frieze, depicting scenes from mythology.

Dedicated by the islanders of Siphnos, the richly decorated Treasury building was erected at the Panhellenic religious center of Delphi sometime around 525 BC. The building was located along the Sacred Way – a processional, ceremonial road – that defined the backbone of the sanctuary.

The Treasury was used to house votive offerings to the god Apollo, and was described by Herodotus as among the richest in the sanctuary. Striking for its ornate carvings and built entirely out of marble, the Treasury was famed for the early use of two caryatids or korai (maidens) as columns on the west porch. Of the two pediments, only one survives, decorated with sculptures depicting Apollo and Herakles competing for the Delphic tripod.


The relief decoration that encircled the building above the epistyle (chief beam) is the earliest known example of a continuous narrative frieze. Depicting scenes from Greek mythology including the Assembly of the Gods at Troy (east) and the Battle of the Giants (Gigantomacy) (north), differences in style indicate the work of at least two sculptors and their respective workshops.

City-states in ancient Greece erected Treasuries at religious centers to express reverence, piety and gratitude to the gods for prosperity or divine support. At the same time, they were conspicuous displays of wealth and self-glorification. In the case of the Siphnians, Herodotus relates how the island grew wealthy thanks to the gold, silver and lead mines, using the profits to build the elaborate Treasury.

Read More

Aegean Islands

Cycladic Island of the Day: Family-Friendly Sifnos

What should you eat, what should you buy, and where...

Greece Is Blog Posts

An Ode to Local Products

BY Yiouli Eptakili

No more avocado toast and croque-madames. From Thessaloniki to Crete...

read more >

How Can Greece Become a Gastro-Tourism Destination?

BY Yiouli Eptakili

It’s about more than just taking a trip...

read more >

Leaving Room in Greece for Everyone

BY Greece Is

Labor Day, this year September 5, marks the...

read more >