Athens Walks: the Capital’s Largest Park, Pedion tou Areos

Did you know that there's an entire Athens park dedicated to the protagonists of the Greek War of Independence? Locals come to play, get married, or work out.

This year marks the 200th anniversary of start of the Greek War of Independence, but how many people know that there’s an entire Athens park dedicated to its protagonists? These were the Greeks who envisioned a free Greece and fought passionately without abandoning their goal, even when everything seemed hopeless. The park Pedion tou Areos is the largest in the capital (although administratively it does not belong to the Municipality of Athens), covering an area of about 114 acres.


For those who live in Exarchia, Polygonο, Gyzi, Kypseli and the areas below Omonoia, this park is “their escape”, the closest place to “countryside” inside the city. Here they play, fall in love, and even get married and baptize their children – there are two churches in the park. The rest of us Athenians, especially those over forty, know it from pre-election political rallies, from the variety shows held at the Alsos Theater, and from the sports facilities of the Panellinios Gynastics Club, the oldest sports organization in the country.

Unfortunately, for a long time the park was left untended, and it ceased to be either attractive to or safe for visitors. Finally, in 2008, redevelopment began (which was completed in 2010 by the architectural firm Tobazis) with the aim of creating a promenade and a green space where people would be inspired by the glorious past of its heroes and would also be able to exercise, to walk, and to enjoy the park again. Let us not forget that the identity of a space is shaped by the people who use it.

A unique monument

I visited it a weekday afternoon and thought that, due to teleworking and tele-education, it would not be crowded. I was wrong. From babies in strollers to old people in wheelchairs, everyone was there. People were playing chess on the benches, reading on the grass or just talking to one another and enjoying the midday sun.

Children were playing football, volleyball, cycling with their parents, or roller-blading and skateboarding. I walked through the entrance at the intersection of Alexandras Avenue and Mavromataion Street into a space dominated by the statue of King Constantine the First. This is the only monument to this monarch left in Greece; it recognizes his success as a strategist in the Balkan Wars.


Knowing that the urban identity of the surrounding areas has changed significantly over the last twenty years – Kypseli, Patissia, and Alexandras Avenue do not have the glamour they once did – I tried to understand the «human geography” of the park’s visitors.

After wandering an hour and a half down the paths and through the clearings in the park I found that, from the lower part up to the main square with its famed refreshment stand “Gardenia,” you come across more foreigners or immigrants than in the upper part where, in the wide space in front of the Theater Alsos, you’ll see a lot of dog owners playing with their pets on the grass. As the day lengthened, however, the number of athletes engaged in various activities increased in the park: there were abdominal workouts under the statue of Athena, TRX training with straps tied to trees, yoga exercises with mats on the lawn and, of course, running and walking – at all paces.

The park looks attractive again, and there is ample signage to help you find your way through the park. “During the redevelopment, all the different areas of the park – the rose garden, the corner with the holy oaks, the manmade stream under the plane trees, and the Road of the Heroes of 1821– were dealt with in a similar fashion,” explained agronomist and landscape architect Andreas Barboutsis, project manager of implementation and redevelopment of the park. “Sick trees were removed and mild structural interventions were made. For example, cement that had been used improperly was removed, and emphasis was placed on creating curves in the paths in order to enhance the element of surprise for the walker.”


Not everything was carried out according to the original redevelopment study. For example, the rose garden did not develop as one might expect, and the water channel that was created never reached the waterfalls or some of the other stream beds, but the maintenance of such a project is extremely demanding, so such shortfalls are to be expected. On the other hand, the work did successfully revive a park that is now in dialogue with the urban landscape and that connects us to a period in Greek history recognizable to all the nation’s citizens and many of its visitors, the revolutionary era of 1821.

From the two churches and the statue of Athena to the 600 palm trees

  • The Road of the Heroes of ’21 is lined on both sides with the busts of Revolutionary-era fighters, 21 in total. The sculptures, first placed here in 1935, were crafted by well-known artists of the time.
  • The Sacred Band Monument: the monument is dedicated to those Greek volunteers who fell in the 1821 Battle of Dragashani (which took place in present-day Romania), fighting Ottoman troops.
  • The Statue of Athena: we come across it as soon as we walk through the park entrance on Alexandra Avenue. At the base of the statue, there is a monument dedicated to the British, Australian and New Zealand troops who fought in the defense of Greece during the German invasion in WWII. The area has been planted with olive trees, the tree of Athena.
  • Inside the park there are two churches. At the Church of the Taxiarches, the icons are the product of mid-nineteenth century Italian workshop, while in its courtyard lies a monument to the politician and soldier Alexander Ypsilantis. In the Church of Aghios Haralambos, there are icons done by Fotis Kontoglou, a modern icon painter. The church was built between 1928 and 1936 by immigrants from Asia Minor who first settled in the area in the 1920s.
  • The shows staged at the Theater Alsos in the 1950s attracted Athenians from all over the city. The name of the entrepreneur Giorgos Economides is still synonymous with the theater and the Pedion tou Areos.
  • In 2014, there were about 400 palm trees in the park. Today, there are more than 600, thanks to a prompt, coordinated effort to deal with red beetle infestations.

This article was first published in Greek on

  • In 1900, the area was used by the army for military training, which is why the Hellenic Military Academy was built here.
  • In 1934, when the government decided to convert the area into a park, 46,000 trees and shrubs were planted.
  • The Pedion tou Areos has been the site of important scenes in the political life of the country. It was here that the “Anathema,” or retort to Venizelos, took place in 1916, a protest in which demonstrators piled up stones (right where the statue of Athena stands today) to voice their objection to Greece’s participation in the First World War, a participation proposed by Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos against the desire of King Constantine, and much of the populace, for neutrality. Over the years, many other political rallies have taken place here as well.

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